CCS in Norway entering a new phase

Norway is now entering a new study phase in terms of Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS). Norway is planning to build an infrastructure with an European potential.

​"Gassnova cooperates closely with the industry players to ensure that the Norwegian Parliament will receive a good foundation for their decision when funding is to be awarded to the Norwegian full-scale project, "says Trude Sundset, CEO of Gassnova.

The Norwegian Parliament sanctioned on June 15 the revised national budget for 2018. Here, funds were allocated for the project to proceed into a new study phase.

Norcem Cement plant in Brevik, in the South-Eastern part of Norway, is now ready to proceed into the last study phase before the final investment decision, the front-end-engineering phase. Updated information from Fortum's energy recovery plant at Klemetsrud in Oslo, Norway, is to be reviewed before the government decides whether this project can proceed. The Norcem plant and the Klemetsrud plant  plan to catch approx. 400,000 tonnes of CO2 each.

Infrastructure in operation from 2023/24

The plan is for CO2 to be transported by ships from the capture facilities, both in the eastern part of Norway, to an onshore facility atthe west coast of Norway. After intermediate storage, the CO2 is to be piped out to storage in a geological formation far below the seabed in the North Sea. Equinor, with the partners Shell and Total, are responsible for planning the storage part of the project.

By 2019, when the front-end-engineering studies have been completed for all sections of the CO2-chain, the government will assess whether it will proceed to the Parliament for a funding decision. At the same time, industrial partners will prepare their investment decisions. In the revised national budget, the government states that the Parliament can make a decision in 2020/2021.

With such a progress, Norway can have the world's first of its kind infrastructure for capture, transport and storage of CO2 in operation during 2023/2024.

An infrastructure for Europe

The plan is that the Norwegian CO2 storage sink will be so large that it can absorb CO2 from several emissions sources. For example, the pipeline can receive 4 million tonnes per year. This is 10 times the amount of CO2 from one of the Norwegian capture sites.

The CO2 is to be transported by ship. This makes it easy to collect CO2 from sources of emissions in other European countries. In Sweden, the refinery Preem AB already looks into the opportunity to capture CO2 from Lysekil for storage in the North Sea. Equinor, Shell and Total have established contact with several players who may be interested in using the Norwegian CO2 storage. In addition, they look at the possibility of storing CO2 from different plants where they have ownership interests.