Up to 40 million tonnes of CO2 will have been stored when all these projects are complete. The number of projects in operation or under construction has increased by 50 per cent since 2011. GCCSI believes that this indicates greater confidence in large-scale application of the technology.
Most of today's operational CCS projects separate CO2 from a stream of natural gas. Seven of the CCS projects in operation are in the US, while two – Sleipner and Snøhvit – are in Norway. Canada, Brazil and Algeria have one project each.
The world's first full-scale project on a coal power plant started operations in October 2014 at Boundary Dam in Canada. In the US, the commissioning phase has started on Kemper County, which will be the first US full-scale CO2 capture facility when it comes on line in the first half of 2016. The Petro Nova capture station on the W.A. Parish power station near Houston is expected to commence operations later that same year.
In addition to the projects in operation and under construction, there is currently a total of 33 full-scale CCS projects being planned on a global scale. The number of planned CCS projects has declined in recent years. Project growth is declining, and European projects are few and far between. Norway's planned full-scale facility at Mongstad was also discontinued in the fall of 2013. However, Gassnova has now submitted a pre-feasibility study to the authorities where Norcem in Brevik, Yara in Porsgrunn and Klemetsrud in Oslo are launched as relevant candidates for full-scale CO2 capture. Norcem could have the world's first CO2 capture facility on a cement factory.